The term biosophy
The term Biosophy was probably first used by Pythagoras in Greece in the west. In the orient, it was first used by Jong Bhak as "life study" from early 1990s.
Bio = life
Sophy = science of , wisdom, knowledge
Ignaz Paul Vitalis Troxler, a Swiss philosopher, in 1806 is also reported to use the term.
It was later used by other philosophers such as Peter Wessel Zapffe (1899-1990), who used biology as the foundation of his philosophy. Zapffe first set out his ideas in Den sidste Messias (en. The Last Messiah) (1933). Later Zapffe gave a more systematic defence in his philosophical treatise Om det tragiske (en. On the tragic) (1941). The Biosophical Institute claims that Dr. Frederick Kettner (1886-1957) was the founder of biosophy . Kettner was himself originally inspired by the organicism of Constantin Brunner.
Contemporary 'biosophers' include Jong Bhak, who defines Biosophy as a "new way of performing philosophy generated from scientific and biological awareness" . Bhak developed his theory of Biosophy while studying at Cambridge university in 1995 and afterwards. The main difference of Bhak's biosophy from other philosophy is that his biosophy is a computable philosophy. It borrows Russell's logicism and extends it to a computational set of ideas and knowledge. One ultimate aim of biosophy is to construct a logical thinking machine that can do philosophy for human beings. See more on this . Bhak's biosophy is a computable philosophy. It is also not only for human beings but also machines. In Bhak's philosophy, machines or any information processing objects are capable of having philosophy. However, the basic principles of such philosophy are the same or eventually will become the same as biological information processing as observed in humans, animals, plants, and microorganisms. Therefore, all these are collectively called 'bio' sophy.
Peter Wessel Zapffe