On nevo- and oncogenetics in addition to remarks on iatrophilosophy (biosophy)
Ross Ashby, An Introduction to Cybernetics (1964 Methuen)
Ross Ashby, Design for a Brain - The Origin of Adaptive Behaviour (1960 Chapman & Hall).
Per Bak, How Nature Works - The Science of Self-Organised Criticality (1996 Copernicus). Power Laws and widespread applications, approachable.
Margaret Boden (ed), The Philosophy of Artificial Life (1996 OUP).
John Casti, Complexification: explaining a paradoxical world through the science of surprise (1994 HarperCollins).
Cameron and Yovits (Eds.), Self-Organizing Systems (1960 Pergamon Press)
Cohen and Stewart, The Collapse of Chaos - Discovering Simplicity in a Complex World (1994 Viking). Excellent and approachable analysis.
Manfred Eigen, The Self Organization of Matter (?)
Eigen and Schuster, The Hypercycle: A principle of natural self- organization (1979 Springer)
Eigen and Winkler-Oswatitsch, Steps Toward Life: a perspective on evolution (1992 Oxford University Press)
Claus Emmeche, The Garden in the Machine: The Emerging Science of Artificial Life (1994 Princeton)
von Foerster and Zopf (Eds.), Principles of Self-Organization (1962 Pergamon)
John Formby, An Introduction to the Mathematical Formulation of Self-organizing Systems (1965 ?)
Forrest S.(ed), Emergent Computation: Self-organising, Collective and Cooperative Phenomena in Natural & Artifical Computings Networks (1991 MIT)
Murray Gell-Mann, Quark and the Jaguar - Adventures in the simple and the complex (1994 Little, Brown & Company). From a quantum viewpoint, popular.
James Gleick, Chaos - Making a New Science (1987 Cardinal). The most popular science book related to the subject, simple but a good start.
Goldstein, Jacobi & Yovits (Eds.), Self-Organizing Systems (1962 Spartan)
John Holland, Adaption in Natural and Artificial Systems: An Introductory Analysis with applications to Biology, Control & AI (1992 MIT Press)
John Holland, Hidden Order - How adaption builds complexity (1995 Addison Wesley). Complex Adaptive Systems and Genetic Algorithms, approachable.
Erich Jantsch, The Self-Organizing Universe: Scientific and Human Implications of the Emerging Paradigm of Evolution (1979 Oxford)
George Kampis, Self-modifying systems in biology and cognitive science: A new framework for dynamics, information, and complexity (1991 Pergamon)
Stuart Kauffman, At Home in the Universe - The Search for the Laws of Self-Organisation and Complexity (1995 OUP). An approachable summary
Stuart Kauffman, The Origins of Order - Self-Organisation and Selection in Evolution (1993 OUP). Technical masterpiece
Kevin Kelly, Out of Control - The New Biology of Machines (1994 Addison Wesley). General popular overview of the future implications of adaption.
Scott Kelso, Dynamic Patterns: The Self-Organisation of Brain and Behaviour (? MIT Press)
George Klir, Facets of Systems Science (1991 Plenum Press)
Kohonen T., Self-Organisation and Associative Memory (1984 Springer-Verlag)
Christopher Langton (ed.), Artificial Life - Proceedings of the first ALife conference at Santa Fe (1989 Addison Wesley). Technical (several later volumes are available but this is the best introduction).
Steven Levy, Artificial Life - The Quest for a New Creation (1992 Jonathan Cape). Excellent popular introduction.
Roger Lewin, Complexity - Life at the Edge of Chaos (1993 Macmillan). An excellent introduction to the general field.
Benoit Mandelbrot, The Fractal Geometry of Nature (1983 Freeman). A classic covering percolation and self-similarity in many areas.
Nicolis and Prigogine, Self-Organization in Non-Equilibrium Systems (1977 Wiley)
Nicolis and Prigogine, Exploring Complexity (1989 Freeman)
Pines D.(ed), Emerging Syntheses in Science, (1985 Addison-Wesley)
Pribram K.H. (ed), Origins: Brain and Self-organization (1994 Lawrence Ealbaum)
Prigogine & Stengers, Order out of Chaos (1985 Flamingo) Non-equilibrium & dissipative systems, an early classic.
Manfred Schroeder, Fractals,Chaos,Power Laws - Minutes from an Infinite Paradise (1991 Freeman & Co.). Self-similarity in all things, technical.
John von Neumann, Theory of Self Reproducing Automata (1966 Univ.Illinois)
Mitchell Waldrop, Complexity - The Emerging Science at the Edge of Order and Chaos (1992 Viking). Popular scientific introduction.
Stephen Wolfram, Cellular Automata and Complexity: Collected Papers, (1994 Addison-Wesley)